10 Plants to Improve Indoor Air Pollution

Gerbera Daisy by Hans via Pixabay

When people hear “air pollution” they usually think of the air polluted by carbon monoxide from cars or sulfur dioxide from factories. They don’t think of the air inside their homes, which can be polluted by mold and pollen, tobacco smoke, pesticides, household cleaners, asbestos, formaldehyde, and lead, to name a few. This can be especially bothersome during the winter, when less fresh air is circulated through the home, heating systems are on, and people are more likely to use their fireplaces. Keeping a clean home and eliminating sources can help prevent air pollution, but there may be another option you aren’t aware of – house plants.

In the late 1980s, NASA and the Associated Landscape Contractors of America conducted a study on plants as natural filters for space station air. The findings may surprise you! Luckily for us, they can also be used on Earth.

First, here is a great intro to air pollution with descriptions off air pollutants.

Now, here is a short list of plants that will filter and improve the quality of your indoor air. 

1. Gerbera Daisy

Gerbera Daisy by Hans via Pixabay

Gerbera Daisy by Hans

What it filters: Benzene, Trichloroethylene

Other Benefits: It absorbs carbon dioxide and releases more oxygen, which is why it’s usually kept in the bedroom where it can improve sleep. 

2. Aloe

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera

What it filters: Benzene, Formaldehyde

Other Benefits: The gel inside its leaves helps heal cuts and burns.

3. Spider Plant

Spider Plant - Photo by Abel Y Costa on Unsplash

Spider Plant

What it filters: Benzene, Xylene, Carbon Monoxide, Formaldehyde

Other Benefits: It gets pretty white flowers. 

4. Bamboo Palm

Bamboo Palm via Public Domain Pictures

Bamboo Palm

What it filters: Formaldehyde

Other Benefits: It acts like a natural humidifier, so it’s great for naturally dry homes. 

5. Peace Lily

Peace Lily by Gadini via Pixabay

Peace Lily

What it filters: Mold Spores, Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene, Toluene, Xylene 

6. Snake Plant

Snake Plant via Pixabay

Snake Plant

What it filters: Formaldehyde, Nitrogen Oxides 

7. Areca Palm

Areca Palm via Wikimedia Commons

Areca Palm

What it filters: Benzene 

8. Golden Pothos

Golde Pothos by Sandeep Handa via Pixabay

Golden Pothos

What it filters: Formaldehyde

Other Benefits: It stays green even in low light. 

9. Red-Edged Dracaena

Red-edged Dracaena via Wikimedia Commons

Red-Edged Dracaena

What it filters: Xylene, Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene

Other Benefits: It can grow as high as your ceiling. 

10. English Ivy

English Ivy by Lum3n.com via Pexels

English Ivy

What it filters: Airborne fecal matter, Formaldehyde

Before buying a house plant, make sure you research the lighting and environment conditions it requires. Some plants need lots of light or the opposite to survive and your home might have too little or too much. If you have pets, you want to make sure that the plant won’t be poisonous if they lick it or ingest one of its leaves. Also, some plants are more difficult to take care of than others. An Aloe plant is probably the easiest plant I’ve ever had to care for, so consider it if you don’t have much of a green thumb.

I hope you found this list helpful and good luck!

10 Plants to Improve Indoor Air Pollution

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About the Author
Meghan Henderson
Meghan is the Marketing Specialist for The Cameron Team and a published author of two young adult books. She also creates digital and printable planners and trackers, as well as coloring pages for Larkspur & Tea.