What Documents Do Home Sellers Need for Filing Taxes?

An Organized Woman Doing Her Taxes

Selling your home in North Carolina, a region known for its rich history and diverse landscapes, is more than just a real estate transaction. It’s a significant financial event that has important tax implications. As we step into the post-sale phase, understanding the tax documents and information you need to file your taxes is crucial. This article aims to provide a detailed guide for homeowners in Wilmington and surrounding counties in North Carolina who sold their homes this year and are navigating the tax filing process.

Essential Documents and Information

  1. Closing Statement (HUD-1 or Closing Disclosure): This is the cornerstone document in your tax preparation process. It details the sale price, closing costs, and other transaction-related expenses. Ensure you keep this document handy as it is pivotal for calculating potential capital gains or losses.
  2. Original Purchase Price Documentation: To accurately calculate your capital gain or loss, you need the original purchase price of your home. This includes the closing statement from when you bought the house, which shows the purchase price and additional expenses like home inspection fees, legal fees, and home improvements.
  3. Form 1099-S (Proceeds From Real Estate Transactions): This form is typically provided by the closing agent and reports the total proceeds from the sale of your home. Not everyone receives this form; if you don’t, ensure your sale price is accurately reported in your tax return.
  4. Records of Home Improvement Expenses: If you’ve made significant improvements to your home, keeping receipts and records is essential. These can reduce your capital gains tax by increasing your home’s adjusted basis.
  5. Mortgage Statements and Loan Payoff Amounts: These are necessary to determine if you have any deductible mortgage interest or points. Additionally, they help in calculating any mortgage forgiveness if applicable.
  6. Property Tax Statements: Property taxes paid during the year of the sale can be deductible. Ensure you have your property tax statements for accurate reporting.
  7. Moving Expenses (If Applicable): If your home sale was due to a job relocation, you might be able to deduct moving expenses. Keep records of all moving-related expenses.
  8. Capital Gain Tax Exclusion Information: If you meet certain criteria, such as living in the home for at least two of the last five years as your primary residence, you might be eligible for a capital gains tax exclusion. Understand these rules as they can significantly impact your tax liability.
  9. Non-resident Tax Information (For Out-of-State Sellers): If you’re a non-resident seller, additional forms and state taxes may be applicable. Consult a tax professional for specific guidance.

Tips for a Smooth Tax Filing Experience

  1. Organize Your Documents Early: Start gathering your documents as soon as the sale is finalized. Organized records simplify the tax filing process.
  2. Understand Capital Gains Tax: Knowing how to calculate your capital gain or loss is crucial. Remember, the profit you make on the sale of your home could be taxable, depending on various factors.
  3. Seek Professional Advice: Tax laws can be complex, especially when it comes to real estate transactions. Consulting with a tax professional can provide clarity and ensure compliance.
  4. Leverage Tax Software: If you prefer to file taxes yourself, consider using reputable tax software. These platforms guide you through the process and help in organizing your documents.
  5. Stay Informed About Tax Law Changes: Tax laws are subject to change. Staying updated on current laws and regulations is important to ensure accurate filing.


Selling your home in North Carolina brings with it a set of tax responsibilities. By gathering the necessary documents and information, understanding the tax implications, and seeking professional advice, you can ensure a compliant and stress-free tax filing experience. Remember, while this guide provides a general overview, each situation is unique and might require specialized guidance.

In summary, preparing for your tax filing after a home sale is an essential step in concluding your real estate journey. With careful preparation and a thorough understanding of the requirements, you can confidently navigate the tax implications of your home sale in North Carolina.

About the Author
Meghan Henderson
Meghan is the Marketing Specialist for The Cameron Team and a published author of two young adult books. She also creates digital and printable planners and trackers, as well as coloring pages for Larkspur & Tea.